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Anemia and Chronic Kidney Disease!

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the permanent loss of kidney functioning. The function of the kidney is to filter the excess of waste from the body. When a person suffers from chronic kidney disease and reaches a dangerous level, these waste, electrolytes, and other related fluid is accumulated in the body.

Anemia is one such problem that occurs in people who suffers from chronic kidney disease. It begins in the early CKD stage when the kidney of the diseased person normally works to only 20 to 50 percent. Anemia and chronic kidney disease are directly proportional to each other, and anemia progresses when CKD progresses. People with completely failed kidneys have anemia. During the treatment of kidney failure, treatments such as dialysis and transplants, there might be a considerable loss of blood that can lead to anemia in chronic kidney disease patients. In this write-up, we will learn more about anemia, anemia in chronic kidney disease, and Ayurvedic treatment for chronic kidney disease.

What is anemia?

Anemia is a health condition in which the body has fewer red blood cells as compared to the usual quantity. The red blood cells are responsible for the carriage of oxygen to the body tissues and organs. Red blood cells help the organs in utilizing the energy from food. When a person is anemic (one who suffers from anemia), his red blood cells do not carry much oxygen to the organs and tissues, in particular to the heart and the brain. It may cause the poor functioning of those organs and tissues. Anemia of chronic kidney disease treatment guidelines includes medical history, blood tests, supplements, and transfusion of red blood cells.

What are the causes of anemia in chronic kidney disease?

Anemia is prevalent in chronic kidney disease. When CKD is in its early stage, anemia begins to progress and gets worse with the worsening of the condition. People with problems such as kidney failure also have the problem of anemia. A damaged kidney cannot produce sufficient EPO. EPO stands for erythropoietin, also called hematopoietic or haemopoietin. It is a kind of protein secreted by the kidneys because of cellular hypoxia. It braces the production of red blood cells in the bone marrow. However, due to less production of EPO, the bone marrow produces less red blood cells, which results in anemia. Fewer red blood cells are the reason why the human body stays deprived of needed oxygen. One of the widespread and logical causes of anemia in humans is the loss of blood that occurs during dialysis or transplant.

Moreover, a low level of iron, folic acid, and vitamin B2 in food is also a significant cause behind anemia in humans. This nutrition is considered vital for the making of hemoglobin. Some other causes of anemia in chronic kidney disease includes-

  1. Problems associated with the bone marrow
  2. Persistent infections
  3. Malnutrition
  4. Inflammatory problem

Symptoms and complications of anemia

While a patient suffers from anemia, he notices specific changes in the functioning of his body. These changes can be noted as the symptoms of anemia. Some ubiquitous signs and symptoms associated with anemia in chronic kidney disease are as follows-

  • Body weakness
  • Headaches
  • Paleness
  • Fatigue
  • Concentration problems
  • Pain in chest
  • Dizziness
  • Breathing problems

It is essential to take care of these symptoms so that it cannot progress further and does not lead to any further complications. If we do not consider the symptoms, it can lead to heart problems and may include issues like–

  • Unusual and irregular heartbeats, generally fast.
  • Enlargement of heart muscles.
  • Heart failure that prevents the blood from reaching the heart.

Effects of anemia in chronic kidney disease

Anemia of chronic kidney disease causes a keen effect on patients. The impact of anemia is not bound to fatigue or dizziness, but it creates more adverse and deadly effects on health. It is associated with problems like cardiovascular complications and congestive heart failure. Patients with diabetes may face loss in the functioning of the kidneys due to anemia. Anemia causes the problem of hypoxia in patients that further stimulates the pathways that regulate the blood pressure in the human body. All these factors worsen the condition of proteinuria as it increases the level of protein in the tubules of the kidneys in diabetic patients. Also, patients with type 2 diabetes have anemia as an independent risk factor that can affect their kidney functioning. Anemia of chronic kidney disease can also progress diabetic neuropathy. Some of the other effects that anemia causes on the body are impaired life quality, mental acuity, etcetera.

The guidelines of Chronic kidney disease treatment in Ayurveda results in improved exercising quality, physical mobility, etcetera.

Treatment of Anemia in chronic kidney disease

Condition of anemia in chronic kidney disease can be treated by the allopathic and the Ayurvedic methods. Here, we will discuss both ways of treatment.

Allopathic methods of treatment

Allopathy consists of ESA therapy and Iron therapy.

  1. ESA therapy – ESA therapy is one of the ways to treat the condition of anemia in people suffering from chronic kidney disease. This method uses injections that are commonly referred to as EPO injections. EPO stands for erythropoietin, also called hematopoietic or haemopoietin. This treatment is based on its suitability to health. There are different types of ESAs available. The physician can help you to find the best suitable ESA for you. ESA injection can be taken at home or in the hospital and requires a proper routine in which it should be done. It is essential to check the blood regularly if a person is taking ESA injections.
  2. Iron therapy – This therapy involves the use of iron supplements and injections that are used by the doctors to resolve the problem of iron deficiency in humans. These iron supplements may contain iron in a ferrous form that can be easily absorbed by the body. Although one should take care of the complications, iron supplements can cause.

Ayurvedic treatment for Anemia

Anemia is known as the Pandurog in Ayurveda. Ayurvedic medicine for chronic kidney disease and anemia initially focuses on the Dosha, which is imbalanced and due to which anemia in chronic kidney disease has taken place. Later, it works on the underlying causes of anemia and kills the symptoms and cause showing. Given below are some of the diet and lifestyle advice from the physician in the condition of anemia in chronic kidney disease-

  1. It is advised to stay away from heavy, spicy, and fried food. Patients are also not allowed to eat non-vegetarian food and eggs.
  2. Patients with the problem of anemia are recommended to take light meals, soups, lentils, fruits, and vegetables.
  3. To cope up with the iron deficiency, it is suggested to eat food made in iron pots.
  4. Excess menstruation and piles should be prevented as it can cause anemia in humans.
  5. A mixture of apple juice, beetroot juice, and honey is an excellent home remedy for the patients. It can be taken twice a day.
  6. One teaspoon turmeric juice with honey is also a good home remedy for anemia.

That is how Ayurveda treats the problem of anemia of chronic kidney disease.

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