The unanticipated loss of kidneys’ function in seven days or less is called acute kidney injury. There are numerous causes to it. General reasons behind the occurrence of acute kidney injury are:
- Any inflammation in the kidneys
- Obstruction in the urinary tract
- Contact of kidneys to a certain harmful substance
- Damaged kidney tissue due to low blood flow in kidneys
However, the condition of acute kidney injury can be diagnosed based on elevated creatinine and blood urea nitrogen, failure of kidneys in the production of sufficient urine. Metabolic acidosis, fluid imbalance, uremia, high potassium, death, etc. are some deadly complications of acute kidney injury. Acute kidney damage results in an increased risk of chronic kidney disease affecting many other organs of the body. The status of acute kidney injury can be managed by treating the elemental root of a disease or by providing supportive care like renal replacement therapy. The treatment of the elemental root of the disease is done in acute kidney injury treatment in Ayurveda.
Causes of acute kidney injury
Systemic disease (disease potentially affecting other parts of the body or whole-body) can be the reason behind the cause of acute kidney injury. Some examples of systemic diseases are lupus, nephritis, etc. Furthermore, antibiotics, contrast agents, and crush injuries can promote acute kidney injury. Broadly, the causes of acute kidney injury can be classified as pre-renal, intrinsic, and post-renal causes. Some major and minor risk factors of acute kidney injury are cardiac surgery, post-cardiopulmonary bypass, high creatinine, congestive heart failure, female gender, etc.
- Pre-renal – The pre-renal causes of acute kidney injury include reasons that lead to the low glomerular filtration rate (GFR). In this medical condition, it is crucial for both the kidneys to be affected. Prominent causes behind acute renal injury are low pressure of blood, liver cirrhosis, low blood volume, heart failure, and certain changes to the blood vessels of the kidneys.
- Intrinsic – Intrinsic causes are directly damaging causes of the kidneys. Two significant causes falling under this category are tumor lysis syndrome and rhabdomyolysis. Furthermore, medications such as calcineurin inhibitors cause damage to the tubules of kidneys and become a part of intrinsic causes.
- Post-renal – Post-renal causes of acute kidney injury include the reasons that result in the downfall of kidneys’ functioning. This condition often can be the result of obstructions occurred in the urinary tract. Some well-known diseases falling under the post-renal cause category are bladder stones, kidney stones, blockage in the urinary catheter, bladder cancer, prostate cancer, and ureters cancer.
Symptoms of acute kidney damage
Different kinds of disturbances to the kidneys’ functioning generate different acute kidney disease symptoms. Depending on the underlying causes of acute kidney injury, various symptoms can be seen.
1. Urea build-up and presence of nitrogen-rich substances in the bloodstream generates symptoms like-
- Appetite loss
- Fluid imbalance
2. Increased level of potassium causes
Abnormal heart rhythms
3. Dehydration causes
4. Elongation of the fibrous tissue capsule causes
Pain in flanks
Acute kidney disease treatment in Ayurveda focuses on the treatment of these underlying causes despite treating the symptoms thus noticed.
Ayurvedic treatment for acute kidney injury
Ayurvedic treatment comprises alternative medicine derived from the archaic medical techniques found in the Hindu society of Ancient India. Ayurveda is one of the completely developed medical systems from the past, which is still used in various parts of the globe. Ayurveda faces criticism claiming that the methods of treatment are obsolete and there is zero development in medicines. However, Ayurveda has proved all these claims false every time it has been put to the test.
As per the idea of Ayurveda, the human body has three main elements and any imbalance to these results in the illness of the body. Acute kidney disease is also the result of such an elemental imbalance. Ayurvedic treatment for acute kidney disease brings all such elements in line and treats the disease from the core. The treatment includes herbal medicines (pastes, oils, and tablets), yoga, meditation, and certain lifestyle and dietary changes.
People suffering from acute kidney injury require proper nutrition to maintain the health of the kidneys and the body. Furthermore, any disease to kidneys is related to diabetes and high blood pressure. Therefore, it is vital to keep the diet precise and suitable so that both these conditions should be kept under control. People with hypertension need to monitor their sodium intake, whereas those with diabetes are required to refrain from sugar and edibles with a high glycemic index.
- Carbohydrates, fats, and proteins generate calories as per the requirement of the individual. During acute kidney disease cutting down or making an adjustment in this calorie intake is advised. The adjustment depends upon the goal of the individual, be it the weight gain or weight loss process during the disease.
- It is significant to avoid a high protein diet as it can stress the filtering mechanism. It is recommended to avoid red meat. However, eating lean chicken in a fair amount is okay. Moreover, try eating vegetarian food with low protein.
- Avoid canned food as it has salt in high quantity, which is not kidney-friendly, and it increases the level of blood pressure and creatinine drastically.
- Acute kidney disease treatment in Ayurveda also says no to low salt alternatives. It is not recommended to switch over low salt alternatives to prevent high sodium intake as low salt alternatives have high potassium content.
- Avoid citrus fruit, coconut water, and pickles as they contain high potassium and high sodium, respectively. Moreover, foods like oatmeal, nuts, whole grain bread, and sunflower seeds have high phosphorus, which is needed to be avoided.
- Grapes, apples, cranberries, pineapples, strawberries, radish, onions, bell peppers, lettuce, and cauliflower are some of the food that can be consumed by acute kidney disease patients.
- The patients can consume corn cereals, certain sodas, rice-based cereals, and unsalted popcorn as per the need. However, be cautious of what and how much you eat as some of these food items can increase the level of blood glucose.
- Limit the liquid intake, and do not stop it completely. Milk, juices, ice-creams, vegetables, and fruits with water in them are also the medium of fluid supply to the body. So, be cautious. However, low sodium intake lowers the thirst sensation.