Acute Kidney (Renal) Failure: Causes, Symptoms, Ayurvedic Treatment

What Is Acute Kidney Failure?

Acute kidney failure is when your kidneys prevent working suddenly. Doctors, from time to time, call it an acute renal failure. It can take place over only a few hours or days.

Acute kidney failure isn’t permanent. If you get proper treatment and don’t have other severe health troubles, your kidneys can function normally.

The main task of your kidneys is to clear waste out of your blood. They remove extra fluid from your blood (this becomes urine) and control blood pressure. Kidneys help make red blood cells. They additionally regulate electrolytes (a form of nutrient) and also activate vitamin D.

Kidneys don’t perform their function well after they’re damaged. This happens because of other health condition, like diabetes. A decreased kidney function that occurs over a longer period is referred to as chronic kidney disorder (CKD).

Acute Kidney Failure Symptoms

You might not have any symptoms of acute kidney failure.

If you do have signs, they’ll depend upon how bad your loss of kidney function is, how fast you lose kidney function, and the causes for your kidney failure. Symptoms may also consist of:

  • Peeing much less than normal
  • Swelled legs, ankles, and toes
  • Feeling drowsy or very tired
  • Shortness of breath
  • Itching
  • Joint ache, swelling
  • Loss of appetite
  • Confusion
  • Chest ache or pressure
  • Muscle twitching
  • Stomach and back pain
  • Fever
  • Rash
  • Nosebleed

Acute Kidney Failure Causes

There are three foremost causes your kidneys failure:

1. Something is hampering the way blood flows through your kidneys. It might be due to:

  • A certain infection
  • Liver failure
  • Medications such as aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, or COX-2 inhibitors like Celebrex
  • Blood pressure medicines
  • Heart failure
  • Serious burns or dehydration
  • Blood or fluid loss

2. You have a situation blocking urine from leaving your kidneys. This could mean:

  • Bladder, cervical, colon, or prostate cancers
  • Blood clots in the urinary tract
  • An enlarged prostate
  • Kidney stones
  • The damaged nerve in your bladder

3. Something has caused damage to your kidneys, like:

  • Blood clots
  • Cholesterol deposits
  • Medications that can immediately harm kidneys, which include NSAIDs like ibuprofen and naproxen, chemotherapy, and antibiotics
  • Glomerulonephritis (infected kidney filters; this could be as a result of an infection, autoimmune disease (like lupus, vasculitis, and scleroderma), multiple myeloma, chemotherapy tablets, antibiotics, or various toxins)

Acute Kidney Failure Risk Factors

Most of the time, kidney failure happens together with another clinical circumstance. If you fall into any of the following classes, you could have a more risk of acute kidney failure:

  • You’ve been hospitalized for a long term,
  • You have diabetes.
  • You’re aged.
  • You have coronary artery sickness.
  • You have coronary heart failure.
  • You have high blood pressure.
  • You have chronic kidney or liver sickness.

Acute Kidney Failure Diagnosis

Your doctor will first start with a physical exam.

The exam involves various tests:

Blood assessments. These measure substances present in your blood.

Creatinine is a waste product for your blood that’s made with the aid of muscle activity. Generally, it’s removed from your blood by your kidneys. But if your kidneys forestall operating, your creatinine level rises.

Urea nitrogen is another type of waste product present in your blood. It’s created when the protein from the meals is broken down. Like creatinine, your kidneys filter out of your blood. When your kidneys stop running, your urea nitrogen levels rise.

Potassium is an electrolyte discovered in your blood that balances water levels in your bloodstream. Kidney sickness can cause either excessive or low potassium levels.

Sodium is an electrolyte that helps with fluid stability in your body. High sodium stages can imply your kidneys aren’t working well because your body can’t put off the right amount of sodium.

Urine checks. Your doctor will check your urine to know about blood and protein. They’ll additionally search for positive electrolytes. The consequences help your doctor recognize what’s inflicting your kidney failure.

Kidney biopsy (renal biopsy) is where the medical doctor pushes a thin needle through your skin and takes a small piece of your kidney to look at underneath a microscope. It can show if there’s any harm or ailment in your kidney and often what the cause is. This is typically carried out only in cases wherein it is uncertain what’s inflicting kidney failure.

Imaging checks. Some tests, like ultrasonography or a CT experiment, can display whether or not your kidneys are enlarged, or there’s a blockage in your urine go with the flow. They also can inform your physician if there is any hassle with arteries or veins moving into and from your kidneys. An MRI can show this, too.

Modern Acute kidney failure treatment

Often, treatment for acute kidney failure, if excessive, require hospitalization. If there aren’t some other problems, the kidneys may heal themselves.

In maximum other instances, acute kidney failure can be treated if it’s caught early. It may also contain changes to your food regimen, the use of medicines, intravenous fluids, and the comfort of any obstruction. This is blocking off kidneys or maybe dialysis.

Diet. Your health practitioner will limit the amount of salt and potassium you get till your kidneys heal. That’s because both substances are removed out of your body through your kidneys. But your doctor may prepare your food plan simultaneously as they deal with the conditions that prompted it. If your physician has put you on a low potassium weight loss plan, you’ll need to reduce excessive-potassium foods like bananas, spinach, oranges, potatoes, and tomatoes. Conversely, you may eat extra low-potassium foods like apples, strawberries, grapes, and cauliflower.

Medications. Your physician may additionally prescribe medicines that modify the quantity of phosphorus and potassium in your blood. When your kidneys fail, they are able to put off those substances out of your body. Medications won’t help your kidneys, but they will lessen some of the problems kidney failure causes.

Dialysis. If your kidney damage is excessive enough, you can require hemodialysis till your kidneys can heal. Dialysis does not assist in kidney heal however takes over the functioning of kidneys till they do. If your kidneys do not heal, dialysis could be for the long-term.

Effective Ayurvedic acute kidney failure treatment

For acute kidney injury, Allopathy recommends dialysis for patients. Dialysis is a procedure where the kidney’s work of blood filtration and removal of excess fluids and impurities from the blood through urine is performed artificially. In the later stages, you mostly reach the state of a kidney transplant. In short, we do not have a permanent acute kidney injury treatment in Allopathy.

Here, Ayurvedic Acute kidney failure treatment can play a vital role by helping you get rid of it.

Ayurveda is an ancient science with complete knowledge of the human body, and treats it as one entity. It teaches you the ways to keep it disease-free and healthy always. Ayurveda works on the root cause responsible for the diseases. It suggests the use of natural herbs, a well-balanced diet, and some yoga stances in order to cure a disorder. In combination with other medicines, ayurvedic medicines like Punarnava, Varun, Kasni, Palaash, Gokshur, and many more are used for kidney problems. It works on eliminating kidney problems and also works toward the restoration of damaged kidney cells. This herbal preparation of ayurvedic treatment enhances the functioning of kidneys.

Acute kidney failure treatment in ayurveda helps you get rid of this kidney disorder and stimulates the kidneys’ overall health. The main advantage of this treatment is that it has the least side effects on your health during or after the treatment.

Ayurvedic medicines for acute kidney failure are proven effective in curing any type of kidney complications that range from mild to severe. Ayurvedic treatment is completely safe, reliable, and effective for people of all ages. Apart from tenderizing internal wounds, the Ayurvedic treatment for AKI also includes the spiritual form of medication. Yoga, asanas, and kriyas are important segments of Ayurvedic treatment that maintain and strengthen the coordination between your mind, body, and spirit, promoting good health and disease-free life.

Disclaimer: Acute Kidney damage is a progressive condition that needs to be controlled in time. We recommend opting for Ayurveda for the genuine revival of the capabilities. If you are already pursuing a treatment, we strictly advise you not to make any changes in your schedule or diet without consulting your doctor or dietitian. For further advice, you can use this helpline: +91-9871712050 number or visit

WebMD, LLC: Medically Reviewed by Minesh Khatri, MD on August 09, 2022

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National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: “Kidney Failure.”

Mayo Clinic: “Acute Kidney Failure,” “Low potassium (hypokalemia).”

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: “Kidney Disease: What to Expect.”

Merck Manuals: “Acute Kidney Injury.”

University of New Mexico health Sciences Center: “Electrolyte Imbalance.”

Hopkins Medicine: “Health Home, Treatment, Tests and Therapies, 24-Hour Urine Collection.”

National Health Service, UK: “Acute Kidney Injury, Complications of Acute Kidney Injury.”

National Kidney Foundation: “Creatinine: What Is It?” “What is Hyperkalemia?” “Why increased serum potassium level in CKD patients?”

Harvard Health Publishing: “Potassium and sodium out of balance.”