People have generalized nephrotic syndrome as a kidney disease, which is not a disease but a collection of symptoms that generates when any damage to the kidneys occurs. This condition is inclusive of high blood lipids, protein in the urine, swelling, weight gain, fatigue, foam in the urine, and low level of albumin in the blood. There are many complications associated with this syndrome, such as hypertension, infections, and blood clots. Causes responsible for the condition include many kidney diseases such as minimal change disease, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, and membranous nephropathy. However, there are complications like lupus and diabetes that add up to the condition. Certain notable damage occurs to the glomeruli part of the kidneys. The disease can be diagnosed with the help of urine tests and kidney biopsy. The condition of nephrotic syndrome affects 5 out of lakhs of people. However, the causes of the condition differ in adults and children.

Symptoms of nephrotic syndrome

The condition of nephrotic syndrome comes into notice by the hefty amount of protein in urea, edema, hyperlipidemia, and hypoalbuminemia.

Primary symptoms of nephrotic syndrome

  • Proteinuria, greater than the range of 3.5 g /24 h /1.73 m2.
  • Lipid loss in urine or lipiduria.
  • Hypoalbuminemia, lower than 2.5 g/dL.
  • Thrombophilia is the predeposition that results in blood clotting.
  • Hyperlipidemia, which is an elevated amount of lipids in the blood.
  • Edema that generally begins with the lower parts of the body and eyelids.

Other noticeable signs of nephrotic syndrome

  • Excess fluid in the body.
  • Hypertension.
  • Dyspnea.

Causes of nephrotic syndrome

Different medical conditions can result in nephrotic syndrome. Glomerular diseases that are limited to the damage of kidneys only are said to be the primary nephrotic syndrome. On the other hand, when the damage is caused to some other parts of the body, including kidneys, then it is said to be secondary nephrotic syndrome. However, nephrotic syndrome Ayurvedic medicine can treat any cause of the disease.

Causes of primary nephrotic syndrome

  • Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
  • The speedy decline in the GFR
  • Minimal change disease
  • Inflammation of glomeruli
  • Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, which is the deposition of antibodies and inflammation of the glomerular membrane

Causes of secondary nephrotic syndrome

  • Amyloidosis
  • Cancer
  • Congenital conditions
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Hepatitis B
  • HIV
  • Drug abuse

Complications of nephrotic syndrome

Nephrotic syndrome comes many complications that can affect the health adversely and reduce the quality of life.

  • Pulmonary edema – The deficit of proteins from the plasma of the blood and a successive decline in the oncotic pressure favorably accumulates the liquid in the lungs. It causes dyspnea and hypoxia.
  • Infections – Infections in nephrotic syndrome can be a result of immunoglobulins leakage from the blood. The most common disease that occurs as the complication of nephrotic syndrome is peritonitis. Moreover, there can be infections in the skin, urinary tract, and lungs.
  • Acute kidney failure When the vascular fluid gets adrift in the tissues, it supplies less blood to the kidneys and eventually results in loss of kidneys’ functioning.
  • There can come situations where a person may face the deficiency of vitamin D as the protein that binds vitamin D gets lost in nephrotic syndrome.
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hypocalcemia
  • Protein malnutrition
  • Growth retardation

These are certain complications caused due to nephrotic syndrome.

Treatment for nephrotic syndrome

There is no direct information about nephrotic syndrome in the books of Ayurveda as the characteristics of nephrotic syndrome matches prameha, which is a medical condition related to the urinary system. According to Ayurveda, the imbalance in the three main elements of the human body, Kapha, Vata, Pitta, causes disease in the body and application of fundamental principles of treatment in Ayurveda can prevent any condition. Nephrotic syndrome Ayurvedic treatment has properties such as nephroprotective and immunomodulators that can persistently treat the disease of nephrotic syndrome. Nephrotic syndrome Ayurvedic medicine mainly focuses on the addressing of underlying causes and elimination of it by removing the unwanted toxins from the glomeruli of the kidneys.

Certain herbs in Ayurveda are considered as the best Ayurvedic medicine for a nephrotic syndrome that is rich with some natural herb extract that helps in the improvement of the water-retaining capacity of the kidneys. Moreover, these medicines prevent the imbalance between free radicals and antioxidants of the body, maintains the level of creatinine and urea in the blood. Herbal medicines automatically balance the blood sugar level. Best Ayurvedic treatment for nephrotic syndrome is inclusive of some definite lifestyle and dietary changes.

Diet for nephrotic syndrome

A proper and kidney-friendly diet during nephrotic syndrome must include low fat, salt, and cholesterol with the insistence towards fruits and vegetables. The age, weight, and health condition of a patient decides the amount of fluid and protein required by a person with nephrotic syndrome.